Natural Disasters in Turkey: Social and Economic Perspective
Turkey is located in one of the most significant active seismic regions in the world. The country also is subject to many other natural disasters, that’s why, natural disasters have been seen in Turkey forever. These events have caused physical destruction to the death of more than 100.000 people and to the wounding of a lot, and shacked the country’s economy in the last century. Disasters sources from geological, meteorological,
biological and technological sources, however, the results and effects of disasters involve of interest to social sciences. In developing the social perspective on disasters, the main factor is that disasters are effective on human communities. The development of individual, state and international cooperation mechanisms in combating disasters is a necessity. In this study, it was aimed to review the sociological, economical and psychological effects of the disasters, and to call attention to social scientist on the effects of disasters in Turkey.
AFAD. (2018). Turkey earthquake regions map. https://www.afad.gov.tr/en/26735/Turkeys-New-Earthquake-Hazard-Map-is-Published
Ambraseys N.N., Finkel C.F. (2006). Türkiye’de ve komşu bölgelerde sismik etkinlikler: bir tarihsel inceleme, 1500-1800 [Seismicity of Turkey and adjacent areas: a historical review, 1500-1800]. TÜBİTAK Publishing, Ankara.
Barka A, Altunel E, Akyüz S. (2000). Yeryüzü ve Deprem [Earth and earthquake]. Boyut Publishing, İstanbul.
Başoğlu M, Şalcıoğlu E, Livanou M. (2002). Traumatic stress responses in earthquake survivors in Turkey. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 15(4), 269-276.
Broughton E. (2005). The Bhopal disaster and its aftermath: a review. Environmental Health, 4(1), 6.
Cvetković, V. M., Öcal, A., & Ivanov, A. (2019). Young adults’ fear of disasters: A case study of residents from Turkey, Serbia and Macedonia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 35, 101095. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101095
Devlet Planlama Teşkilatı [State Planning Organization]. (1999). Depremin ekonomik ve sosyal etkileri-muhtemel finansman ihtiyaci kisa, orta ve uzun vadede alinabilecek tedbirler [Economic and social effects of depression-possible financing needs measures that can be taken in short, medium and long term]. Ankara.
EM-DAT. (2018). The international disaster database, centre for research on the epidemiology of disasters. (accessed on January 25, 2018), http://www.emdat.be/classification
Ergünay O. (1996). Afet yönetimi nedir ve nasıl olmalıdır? [What is disaster management and how should be it?]. Erzincan ve Dinar Depremleri Işığında Türkiye’nin Deprem Sorunlarına Çözüm Yolları Arayışları (TÜBİTAK Deprem sempozyumu) Bildiriler Kitabı (Der. Tuğrul TANKUT), 263-272, Ankara.
Hoyois P, Below R, Scheuren JM, Guha-Sapir D. (2006). Annual disaster statistical review numbers and trends. Univeriste Catholique de Louvain-Brussels-Belgium. Brussels. www.cred.be.
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). (2004). Türkiye’de doğal afetler konulu ülke strateji raporu [Country strategy report on natural disasters in Turkey]. Ankara
Karancı A. N. (1999). Depremin psiko-sosyal boyutlari: Erzincan, Dinar ve 17 Ağustos 1999 Marmara Depremleri (Psychosocial dimensions of the Erzincan, Dinar and the 17 August Marmara earthquakes). Türk Psikoloji Bülteni, Volume 5, No 14, 55-58.
Kasapoğlu A, Ecevit M. (2001). Depremin sosyolojik araştirmasi [Sociological survey of the earthquake]. Sosyoloji Derneği Yayınları, No:8, Ankara.
Levy M., Salvori M. (2000). Deprem kuşaği: deprem nedir? Ne değildir? [Earthquake zone: what is earthquake? What is not? (Translator T Gürer). Doğan Publishing, İstanbul.
Öcal A. (2010). Hazard education in 4th to 7th grade social studies courses in Turkey. Social Studies Research & Practice, 5(1), 87-95. Retrieved from http://www.socstrp.org/issues/PDF/5.1.8.pdf.
Özen S, Sir A. (2004). Frequency of PTSD in a group of search and rescue workers two months after 2003 Bingol (Turkey) earthquake. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 192(8), 573-575.
Özerdem A, Barakat S. (2000). After Marmara Earthquake: lessons for avoiding short cuts to disasters. Third World Quaterly, 21, (3), 425-439.
Özmen, B. (2000). 17 Ağustos 1999 İzmit Körfezi Depreminin hasar durumu (rakamsal verilerle), [17 August 1999 İzmit Golf Earthquake damage assessment], TDV/DR 010-53, Türkiye Deprem Vakfı
Pelling M, Özerdem A, Barakat S. (2002). The Macro- Economic Impact of Disaster. Progress in Development Studies. 2, (4), 283–305.
Sarp N. (1999). Depremin çocuklar üzerindeki etkileri, çocuklarimiza nasil yardimci olabiliriz? (The effect of earthquakes on child: How can we help our children?) Milli Eğitim, Sayı: 144, 25–26.
Tural Ü, Coşkun B, Önder E, Çorapçioǧlu A, Yildiz M, Kesepara C, Karakaya I, Aydin M, Erol A, Torun F, Aybar G. (2004). Psychological consequences of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey. J. Traum. Stress, 17: 451–459. doi:10.1007/s10960-004-5793-9
Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK). (2016). Fertility statistic 2015, http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=21514.
Türkiye Afet Bilgi Bankası [Turkey Disaster Information Bank] (TABB) (2018) Republic of Turkey, Prime Ministry Disaster and Emergency Management Authority. https://tabb-analiz.afad.gov.tr/
Türkoğlu N. (2001). Türkiye’nin yüzölçümü ve nüfusunun deprem bölgelerine dağılışı [The area of Turkey and distribution of population to earthquake regions]. Ankara Üniversitesi Türkiye Coğrafyası Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi Dergisi, Volume 8, 133–148.
Yılmaz V. (2004). A statistical analysis of the effects on survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 32(6), 551-558.