Preparing International Joint Project: use of Japanese flood hazard map in Bangladesh

  • Kumiko Fujita Researcher, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Rajib Shaw Professor, Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University, Japan
Keywords: Flood Hazard map, Technology transfer, Social background, Japan, Bangladesh

Abstract

Both Japan and Bangladesh suffer from floods, and variety of measures have been developed in each country. In addition to the structural measures such as embank-ment, non-structural measures such as flood hazard map and warning system have been developed and used for evacuation effectively in Japan. However, flood hazard map is not a common measure in Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, different measures such as raising/elevating their houses with plinth, placing sand bags on the riverbank and migration are common. The major reason of this difference is
because of the different flood phenomena. For example, the flood phenomena in Japan is more destructive in short term compared to the flood in Bangladesh because of the difference of the topography. In Japan, the river velocity is fast because of the steep river bed, therefore, even one hit is possible to destroy buildings and deprive of people’s lives sometimes. However, flood in Bangladesh is not able to destroy buildings and deprive of people’s lives in short term. Long inundation period such as a few months makes people impossible to secure food by farming and deprive of human lives by starvation. Thus, understanding the different flood phenomena is the base of starting project. However, many researchers and mem-bers in international joint projects start without noticing the different phenomena and perception toward river and flood. In addition, understanding the background of each country is also needed, since the technology for flood disaster risk reduction have been developed under the social condition of each country. Since the flood in Japan is destructive in short term, Japanese are afraid of flood, thus flood disaster risk reduction has been considerable interest for government and local people. Government has been developing measures and legislation, and local people are cooperative to the government. However, Bangladeshi are not afraid of flood itself, the flood-conveyed fertile soil is even welcome by farmers. They pay attention to the duration of flood, since it is related to the available duration of farming and securing food. Thus, government and local people in Bangladesh did not choose the way of controlling the river flow by structural measures like Japan.

References

Douglas, Ian. (2009). “Climate change, flooding and food security in south Asia.” Food Security, 1:127-136

Fujita Kumiko, Rajib Shaw, Hajime Nakagawa (2017). "Social Background in River Erosion Areas Bangladesh: Implication for Japanese Hazard Mapping Technology", Annuals of Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto Univ. (60) pp701-710 http://www.dpri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/nenpo/no60/ronbunB/a60b0p39.pdf

IPCC 2007. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. The Fourth Assessment Report, IPCC.

Martin, Maxmillan, Yi hyun Kang, Motasim Billah, Tasneem Siddiqui, Richard Black and Dominic Kniveton (2013): “Policy analysis: Climate change and migration Bangladesh” in Working paper 4, An output of research on climate change related migration in Bangladesh. http://migratingoutofpoverty.dfid.gov.uk/files/file.php?name=wp4-ccrm-b-policy.pdf&site=354

MLIT (2001): Rivers in Japan, Ministry of Land Infrastructure and Transport

Osti, Rabindra, Shigenobu Tanaka, Toshikazu Tokioka, (2008),"Flood hazard mapping in developing countries: problems and prospects", Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, Vol.17 Iss 1 pp. 104 –113: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09653560810855919

Shukla PR (2003). “Climate Change and India.” University Press India, Hyderabad

Statistics Bureau (2016), “Statistical Handbook of Japan 2016” http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/handbook/pdf/2016all.pdf

Tanaka, Kohzo (1992) “Map Education in the Taisho Era and the First Half of the Showa Era” in 新 地 理 40-2 1992年9月 (in Japanese with English abstract)

ULDMPD 2014, “Upazila Level Disaster Management Plan Development Upazila Dharmapasha, District Sunamganj” Plan Developed by Upazila Disaster Management Committee, Dharmapasha, Sunamganj, Coordinated by VARD (Voluntary Association for Rural Development)

WMO/GWP (2003) “Integrated Flood Management Case Study -Bangladesh: Flood Management, World Meteorological Organization and Global Water Partnership Associated Programme on Flood Management”

World Bank (2016) https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.ADT.LITR.ZS?view=chart

Yoshikawa Katsuhide (2011) “A Study on the Development and Management of River Levee Systems” J.Japan Soc. Hydrol. And Water Resour. Vol.24, No.1, Jan 2011 pp.21-36 (in Japanese with English abstract) https://doi.org/10.3178/jjshwr.24.21

Zimmermann, Markus, Karl-Friedrich Glombitza and Barbara Rothenberger (2009). “Disaster Risk Reduction Programme for Bangladesh 2010-2012”. Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC

Published
2019-04-06
How to Cite
Fujita, K., & Shaw, R. (2019). Preparing International Joint Project: use of Japanese flood hazard map in Bangladesh. International Journal of Disaster Risk Management, 1(1), 62-80. https://doi.org/10.18485/ijdrm.2019.1.1.4
Section
Articles